Deeper Life Session 10 the purpose of the heart

Deeper Life Session 10 the purpose of the heart

Peter Shares out of 1 Samuel 16:1-23 where Samuel anoints David as King. He then continues to talk about the purpose of the heart.

Key Verse: 16:7

  1. The Heart.

But the Lord said to Samuel, “Do not consider his appearance or his height, for I have rejected him. The Lord does not look at the things man looks at. Man looks at the outward appearance, but the Lord looks at the heart.”

In this passage, God directs Samuel to anoint David, a shepherd boy and the youngest son of Jesse, to be the next king of Israel. God chose David by looking at his heart. God sent his Spirit to empower David with his anointing. But David had to grow as a leader, waiting on God’s time, to serve his people as their leader. When discovering our purpose this is the first lesson that God is looking at our heart and not our outward appearance.

  1. Experience

Secondly he is also preparing through our experiences and sometimes we are humbled in a servant role before we move to our purpose so that we can learn some skills

He became a music servant for Saul.

Saul is seen in this passage as being chosen by the people but also being led by his own desires and purpose as opposed to the Lord’s and this leads to his downfall. Samuel sees this and is obedient in seeking out David to be the successor of the throne and more importantly the line of Jesus.


King Saul’s failure to obey the word of God grieved the Lord and Samuel

mourned for Saul (15:35). Samuel was Saul’s shepherd and advisor. It was hard for him to watch Saul as the king became proud before God. Samuel had cried out to God for him all night. Now he was mourning for Saul. The king had fails to listen to Samuel; and  he rarely  followed his spiritual advice. Yet, Samuel cared about Saul.

His heart was broken. Samuel was a true shepherd. But God did not want Samuel to waste his time mourning for the fallen leader. Look at verse 1. The Lord said to Samuel,

“How long will you mourn for Saul, since I have rejected him as king over Israel? Fill your horn with oil and be on your way; I am sending you to Jesse of Bethlehem. I have chosen one of his sons to be king.”

  1. God’s purpose cannot be stopped by one person’s disobedience.

When a chosen man rejects God’s purpose for him, God turns to another who will obey his word faithfully. God told Samuel that he was sending him to Bethlehem to anoint a new king to replace Saul. Samuel saw the danger of anointing another king while Saul remained as the king of Israel. So he replied,

“How can I go? Saul will hear about it and kill me” (2). Samuel knew Saul well. Later, Saul would be obsessed with killing David after learning he was anointed to be king to replace himself. God heard Samuel’s concern, but he still said to Samuel: “Take a heifer with you and say, ‘I have come to sacrifice to the Lord.’ Invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what to do. You are to anoint for me the one I indicate” (2-3).

How did Samuel obey? Verse 4 says that Samuel did what the Lord said. He did not object to God. He didn’t second-guess the Lord’s command. He did not insist on his own ideas. He did what the Lord said. He was a man of obedience. He travelled from Ramah (15:34) to Bethlehem to anoint the Lord’s chosen. How did the elders of Bethlehem react to Samuel’s sudden visit? When he arrived at Bethlehem, the elders of the town trembled when they met him. They asked, “Do you come in peace?”

Bethlehem was a very small town at that time. The elders trembled at the sudden visit of a national spiritual leader. Why did they tremble? Perhaps they heard about how Samuel had killed Agag, the king of the Amalekites. They acknowledged his authority. Samuel replied, “Yes, in peace; I have come to sacrifice to the Lord. Consecrate yourselves and come to the sacrifice with me”

Then he consecrated Jesse and his sons and invited them to the sacrifice (5). He helped them to prepare to offer sacrifice to the Lord. He obeyed what God said to him, without divulging the purpose of their consecration.

  1. A chosen one : 1 Peter 2:9

What is your “S.H.A.P.E”? – Rick Warren

Spiritual Gifting





God told Samuel that he had chosen one of Jesse’s sons to be king, but didn’t say which one. Jesse had eight sons. So after the consecration ceremony, Jesse presented his sons before Samuel in the order of their ages. First up was Son #1, Eliab. As soon as Samuel saw him, he thought, “Surely the Lord’s anointed stands here before the Lord.” Why? It was because Samuel was impressed by his appearance and his height. Eliab was handsome and tall, just like King Saul, and Samuel thought God had chosen him as Saul’s successor.

We cannot blame Samuel. Many people today also tend to judge a book by its cover. Many business managers hire their workers based on the outward appearance.

Man looks at the outward appearance, but the Lord looks at the heart.” The Lord does not look at the things man looks at. Man looks at the outward appearance, but the Lord looks at the heart. The Lord looks at the heart. What does this mean to us?

  1. What kind of heart does David have linked to his purpose.

So what kind of heart did David have?

First, David had a shepherd’s heart.

As a young boy, he tended his father’s sheep. He could have done this job casually just as many teenagers would when they are given a family duty.

But David took this job seriously. When a lion or a bear came to take his the sheep, he would fight with the wild animal until he rescued his sheep from them (17:34-35). He risked his own life for the sheep. Later, he became a shepherd king for the people of Israel.

Second, David had a humble heart. He listened to Nathan when the prophet came to rebuke him for his sins (2Sa 12:13). He was different from Saul who would not listen to Samuel. David didn’t make lame excuses.

Third, David had a repentant heart. David committed serious sins including adultery and murder.

Unlike Saul, however, his repentance was real. Saul’s repentance was before people for a show. David’s repentance was before God. He wrote a repentant testimony as a psalm. He said, “Have mercy on me, O

God, according to your unfailing love.… Create in me a pure heart, O God, and renew a steadfast spirit within

  1. Do not cast me from your presence or take your Holy Spirit from me. Restore to me the joy of your salvation and grant me a willing spirit, to sustain me”

(Ps 51:1,10-12).

Fourth, David had the heart of faith. When the Philistine giant Goliath terrorized them every day, the Israelite soldiers ran from him in great fear. But the boy David volunteered to fight the giant with a sling shot and a few shiny pebbles. He told Goliath, “all those gathered here will know that it is not by sword or spear that the Lord saves; for the battle is the Lord’s, and he will give all of you into our hands” (1Sa 17:47). David is included in the Hall of Faith in Hebrews 11.

We need to realise that in spite of the Giants in our lives, God is able to give us faith to overcome them. What are some of your giants that you are needing to overcome? What do you have in your hand that God has given you to overcome these giants?

Fifth, David had a compassionate heart. Years later, after King David firmly established the united kingdom of Israel through conquering many enemies, he searched out for the son of his friend Jonathan. Saul and his son Jonathan had died and there were no descendants left, except for one crippled man named Mephibosheth. David brought him to Jerusalem and let him eat together at his table every day (2Sa 9:7). He could have sent some money for this man for the sake of his friend Jonathan, but David showed his compassionate heart for this man. Mephibosheth was deeply touched and said, “What is your servant, that you should notice a dead dog like me?” (2Sa 9:8). Of course, the perfect example of a compassionate heart is found in our Lord Jesus.


As we go deeper with God and deeper with each other I pray that we will learn from this story that God is looking at our hearts not our outward appearance. Remember the favour of Boaz towards Ruth was only partly




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