Session 4 The Bible
Key idea: I believe the Bible is the Word of God and has the right to command my belief in action.
2 Timothy 3:10 – 17
Origin of the Bible clip
Origins of the Bible summary
Moses and the Burning Bush
Jesus and His understanding of being the Word
The identity of Word in Hebrew and Greek theology.
2 Peter 1: 16 -21
These are not cleverly invented stories.
We have eyewitnesses who would mostly give their lives for the truth of the Word – Jesus Christ
They heard the voice of the Father confirming Jesus as the Word and the Messiah
They completely committed themselves to the words of the Prophets – a light shining in a dark place vs 19. Peter also declares the source of the prophecy in verse 20 when he says that no prophecy came about by the prophet’s own interpretation. They were carried along by the Holy Spirit. We would call this being filled, and most of them lost their lives for the sake of the Word which God spoke through them.
If there ever was a reason to believe it is the because of the faithful testimony of these men and woman.
God gave us Ten Commandments to show us clearly how to live in relationship with Him and with others 4 and 6.
- How do we read Scripture
How we begin to read scripture then defines us and our relationship with the Lord. We can become dogmatic and fundamentalistic in our interpretation of scripture which will scare everyone away, or we can embrace THE WORD who is Jesus as the one who brings life, hope grace, mercy, reconciliation and fills us with the joy of sharing the GOOD NEWS. My first bible that I ever got was called GOOD NEWS.
- A SPADE to dig deeper with.
We also need to know that how we read scripture makes it exciting or dull –
I have given this to you before but I find it helpful – SPADE
Setting – what is the context
People – who is it referring to
Application – How do I apply this to my life
Doctrine – what is the one direction take away for my life.
Evaluation – How can I see that I have applied it.
- 2 Timothy 3:10 -17
And so we get to the scripture for today.
Paul wrote this second letter to Timothy during his second imprisonment in Rome, shortly before his death. This imprisonment was after the one recorded in Acts 28. He probably wrote it in A.D. 64–65, though some would place it as late as 67.
Paul gives Timothy a bold, clear call to continue in the gospel despite suffering.
Several people have abandoned Paul while he has been in prison, and several others are away on assignments (1:15; 4:9–12). In such a time, Paul’s memories of Timothy’s sincerity and devotion are especially touching (1:3–5). Paul thinks he will die soon (4:6–8), so he writes this final message to Timothy. Paul urges Timothy to stand firm and asks him to come for one final visit before Paul is executed. Though Paul’s death is near, he does not know just when it will come. Paul also asks Timothy to bring his books and parchments, so that he can keep studying and writing until the end.
Second Timothy is very personal. It is a final letter to a close friend and coworker. Paul encourages Timothy to continue in faithfulness and offers his own life as an example for Timothy to follow. What he calls on Timothy to do, he himself has done already.
People – Timothy
He is talking to a young pastor known as Timothy – who is he ?
People -Timothy (Greek: Τιμόθεος; Timótheos, meaning “honouring God”  or “honoured by God” ) was an early Christian evangelist and the first first-century Christian bishop of Ephesus, who tradition relates died around the year AD 97.
Timothy was from the Lycaonian city of Lystra in Asia Minor, born of a Jewish mother who had become a Christian believer, and a Greek father. The Apostle Paul met him during his second missionary journey and he became Paul’s companion and co-worker along with Silas. The New Testament indicates that Timothy traveled with Saint Paul, who was also his mentor. Paul entrusted him with important assignments. He is addressed as the recipient of the First and Second Epistles to Timothy.
Action what is the story about?– Paul starts by sharing his journey with Timothy and the trust they have built up with each other – you know all about it –
Sufferings – rescued from all of them.
He also reminds Timothy that following Christ and living in His Word will mean that we are persecuted and will suffer. Many are not going to accept what you have to say about Jesus whether we like it or not. When you get this truth then you get the Gospel.
John 1: 11 He came to that which was His own but His own did not receive Him… but others did and he gave them the right to become children of God.
What you have learned and become convinced of – this is a profound shift in faith which allows a confidence not in ourselves but in the Word of God – Jesus. John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word…
DOCTRINE – ALL SCRIPTURE IS GOD BREATHED
Paul says that “All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, equipped for every good work” (2 Tim 3:16-17) but what does it mean that the Bible, which is what Paul means by saying “all Scripture,” is God-breathed?
Looking at the Greek word for “God breathed” or as some translations say, “breathed out” is “theopneustos” and means “inspired by God” or literally the very “breathe of God.” So we believe that the Word of God is God’s breathing out His literal Word.it is inspired by God, the Holy Spirit since no “prophecy was ever produced by the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit” (2 Pet 1:21).
It’s important to note that the word “prophecy” does not mean, in the context of chapter 2 of 2nd Peter, predicting the future or future events but as the Greek word “prophēteia” means “a discourse emanating from divine inspiration” so we can safely and surely say that all Scripture is God’s breathed words and emanates from a divine (God’s) inspiration. In other words, the Word of God is not of human origin but originates from God Himself.
BREATHE – BREATH – WOMAN’S RETREAT
The words used in the Bible for wind, spirit, and breathe or breath are all the same word, so how interesting it is that God breathed into man or gave the man the “breath of life” (Gen 2:7). Must we not conclude that the life of man was inspired by God too? When Jesus “breathed on them” to “Receive the Holy Spirit” (John 20:22) the word used for “Spirit” which refers to the Third Person of the Trinity is the Greek word “pneuma” which is sometimes used for wind or breath. We cannot even begin to understand the meaning of Scriptures without the Holy Spirit (pneuma) of God. This is what Paul meant when he wrote “For who knows a person’s thoughts except the spirit of that person, which is in him? So also no one comprehends the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God” (1 Cor 2:11). When a person repents and puts their trust in the Lord, “we have received not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit who is from God, that we might understand the things freely given us by God. And we impart this in words not taught by human wisdom but taught by the Spirit, interpreting spiritual truths to those who are spiritual” (1 Cor 2:12-13). The reason why unbelievers are so antagonistic toward the Word of God is that “The natural person does not accept the things of the Spirit of God, for they are folly to him, and he is not able to understand them because they are spiritually discerned” (1 Cor 2:14) so we should be patient with them. It is not their fault that they cannot understand Scripture “For the word of the cross is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us who are saved it is the power of God” (1 Cor 1:18).
Teaching rebuking correcting training in righteousness – balance is so important
AUTHORITY – I believe the Bible is the Word of God and has the right to command my belief in action.
When Jesus is confronted by the devil to submit to him he uses the authority of scripture to guide his life and speaks against temptation and we should do the same – satan gives up and leaves. We can have victory in our own lives and need to believe it is true and can be trusted.
Bible is the lens
Motivated to study to know his will
Bible governs my life even if I don’t always like it. (Frazee)